A new study has revealed that eye health plays an essential role in helping to meet sustainable development goals (SDG). After reviewing 226 studies, researchers discovered direct connections between eye health and poverty, education and equality, and economic productivity. It even showed that good eye health reduces the number of traffic collision incidents.
Here, we will look further into what the study found and reveal how cataract surgery helps to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Understanding the latest research
The new research was carried out by the International Centre for Eye Health, located in the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The team of researchers analysed 226 studies that focused on the relationship between eye health services and outcomes related to SDGs.
The services included in the study were free cataract screening, rehabilitation services, trichiasis surgery, and cataract surgery. Several connections were revealed between good eye health and SDGs, including:
- Better educational outcomes
- Increased equality
- Better general health
- A reduction in road traffic collisions
A total of 27 studies revealed that eye health services had a positive impact on at least one SDG. The study revealed that spectacles and cataract surgery made the biggest differences in a patient’s life.
Ultimately, only a small number of the 227 studies revealed a direct link to better SDG outcomes. However, there is growing evidence to support the positive effects cataract surgery and other eye health services provide.
How cataract surgery helps to achieve sustainable development goals
The latest study revealed that cataract surgery had one of the biggest impacts on SDGs. According to the findings, cataract surgery helps to:
Boost productivity and reduce poverty – A variety of studies have shown that interventions with eye health lead to increased productivity and reduced poverty. One study in the Philippines showed that those who underwent cataract surgery saw an increase in household per capita expenditure.
Improve equality – Cataract surgery has been shown to improve income equality and reduce gender inequality in terms of treatment. By training eye health volunteers in rural communities, alongside offering cataract surgery, it reduces gender inequality in treatment and attendance.
Reduce the number of road traffic collisions – Those who have cataracts are 2.5 times more likely to be involved in a road traffic collision. However, studies have revealed that undergoing cataract surgery can significantly reduce the risk.
These are just some of the ways cataract surgery helps with SDGs. Cataract surgery has helped millions of people regain their eyesight and their independence. If you are currently living with cataracts, book a consultation with Mr Zaid Shalchi today. Find out if cataract surgery could help you.